Blog Archives

1758

SCIENCE & ART: Predicted return of Halley’s Comet validates Newton’s gravitation theory. POLITICS: Monarchy and parliamentary democracy in England.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1758

1759-1797

Mary Wollstonecraft, English philosopher and women’s rights activist who is best known for her work entitled “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman” (1792).

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1759-1797

1760-1830

SCIENCE & ART: Industrial revolution begins in England. POLITICS: Parliament as central authority in England with reduced powers of  monarch.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1760-1830

1765

SCIENCE & ART: Invention of steam engine by James Watt in England. POLITICS: English parliament shares power with monarch.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1765

1776

SCIENCE & ART: Thomas Paine, Common Sense: invalidates monarchy; publication of Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations and first volume of Edward Gibbons’ Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. POLITICS: Colonial America under British rule; Monarchy and parliamentary democracy in England.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1776

1776-1789

POLITICS: American War for Independence from England; establishment of political democracy in the United States of America.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1776-1789

1789-1815

POLITICS: French Revolution ends monarchy in France, followed by Reign of Terror then Napoleon as dictator and finally Emperor of France; Napoleonic Wars to establish French empire.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1789-1815

1796

SCIENCE & ART: Edward Jenner innovates immunization (smallpox).

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1796

1804-1825

SCIENCE & ART: Invention and introduction of first steam powered railroad locomotive in England. POLITICS: English parliamentary democracy.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1804-1825

1808-1827

SCIENCE & ART: John Dalton elucidates the atomic theory of matter. POLITICS: English parliamentary democracy.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1808-1827

1811-1896

SCIENCE & ART: Harriett Beecher Stowe advanced abolition of slavery in America through her best-selling novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852).

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1811-1896

1816-1830

POLITICS: “War is a continuation of politics by other means to compel our adversaries to submit to our will.”—Carl von Clausewitz, Prussian military theorist.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1816-1830

1824

SCIENCE & ART: Sadi Carnot, theory of ideal heat engine (internal combustion), initiates and lays foundation for physical science of thermodynamics. POLITICS: Monarchy in France.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1824

1827-1839

SCIENCE & ART: Invention of photography by Louis Daguerre in France. POLITICS: Monarchy in France.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1827-1839

1831

SCIENCE & ART: Michael Faraday discovery of electromagnetic induction, basis for subsequent technologies using electricity. POLITICS: English parliamentary democracy.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1831

1837

SCIENCE & ART: Invention of telegraph by Samuel F.B. Morse. POLITICS: Democracy in America.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1837

1846-1848

POLITICS: War between U.S. and Mexico – U.S. first war of imperialism.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1846-1848

1846

SCIENCE & ART: Ether anesthesia introduced for surgery by William Morton. POLITICS: Democracy in America.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1846

1848

POLITICS: Political revolutions across continental Europe.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1848

1820-1910

SCIENCE & ART: Florence Nightingale develops the profession of nursing.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1820-1910

1853-1856

POLITICS: Crimean War between Russia, France, England, etc.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1853-1856

1858-1859

SCIENCE & ART: Alfred Russell Wallace and Charles Darwin independently develop concept of biological evolution. POLITICS: English parliamentary democracy.  

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1858-1859

1861-1862

SCIENCE & ART: Theory of electromagnetic wave propagation, James Clerk Maxwell, basis for radio, television, transmission of electricity, wireless communication. POLITICS: Scotland under English Parliamentary democracy.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1861-1862

1861-1865

POLITICS: Civil War in America, 750,000 military fatalities out of a population of 30 million.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1861-1865

1865

SCIENCE & ART: Foundation of genetics by German scientist and friar Gregor Mendel. POLITICS: Monarchy in Vienna, Austria.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1865

1875-1879

SCIENCE & ART: Invention of sound recording (Thomas Edison), first practical electric light (Edison) and telephone (Elisha Gray). POLITICS: Democracy in America.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1875-1879

1880’s

SCIENCE & ART: Jazz music develops in America. Scott Joplin develops “ragtime.” Invention of alternating current electrical energy transmission by Nikola Tesla. POLITICS: Democracy in America.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1880’s

1889

SCIENCE & ART: Daimler and Benz invent automobile powered by internal combustion engine. POLITICS: Monarchy/oligarchy, German Empire.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1889

1893

SCIENCE & ART: Wireless radio transmission first demonstrated by Nikola Tesla. POLITICS: United States political democracy.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1893

1898

POLITICS: War between the U.S. and Spain – second imperialistic war of the U.S.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1898

1867-1934

SCIENCE & ART: Marie Curie pioneered research in radioactivity, Noble Prize winner in both physics and chemistry, first woman to win the Nobel Prize.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1867-1934

1988

Gertrude Elion (1918-1999), American biochemist and pharmacologist, wins the Nobel Prize for Medicine along with George H. Hitchings and James Black. Her work and research led to the development of new drugs to treat a variety of diseases.

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 1988

20th Century – Positive Developments

SCIENCE & ART: Positive developments. Physics – Einstein’s relativity theory; quantum physics; space exploration and satellite communications. Inventions – the Wright brothers invent the airplane (1903); television, wireless telephony, digital computers, the Internet, transistor microchips and integrated circuits, microwave cooking; nuclear … More

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 20th Century – Positive Developments

20th Century – Negative Developments

Science used for destructive purposes, e.g., rocket missiles derived from Newton’s laws of motion, gravitation and from laws of thermodynamics; atomic bombs derived from Einstein’s laws of relativity and physical science laws of atomic structure. 165 wars with 180 million total … More

Posted in Timeline | Comments Off on 20th Century – Negative Developments